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Oncogene. 2000 Jun 22;19(27):3050-8.

Two actions of frabin: direct activation of Cdc42 and indirect activation of Rac.

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1
Takai Biotimer Project, ERATO, Japan Science and Technology Corporation, c/o JCR Pharmaceuticals Co. Ltd., 2-2-10 Murotani, Nishi-ku, Kobe 651-2241, Japan.

Abstract

Frabin is an actin filament-binding protein which shows GDP/GTP exchange activity specific for Cdc42 small G protein and induces filopodium-like microspike formation and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activation presumably through the activation of Cdc42. Frabin has one actin filament-binding (FAB) domain, one Dbl homology (DH) domain, first pleckstrin homology (PH) domain adjacent to the DH domain, one cysteine-rich FYVE domain, and second PH domain from the N-terminus to the C-terminus in this order. Different domains of frabin are involved in the microspike formation and the JNK activation, and the association of frabin with the actin cytoskeleton through the FAB domain is necessary for the microspike formation, but not for the JNK activation. We have found here that frabin induces the formation of not only filopodium-like microspikes but also lamellipodium-like structures in NIH3T3 and L fibroblasts. We have analysed the mechanism of frabin in these two actions and found that frabin induces filopodium-like microspike formation through the direct activation of Cdc42 and lamellipodium-like structure formation through the Cdc42-independent indirect activation of Rac small G protein. The FAB domain of frabin in addition to the DH domain and the first PH domain is necessary for the filopodium-like microspike formation, but not for the lamellipodium-like structure formation. The FYVE domain and the second PH domain in addition to the DH domain and the first PH domain are necessary for the lamellipodium-like structure formation. We show here these two actions of frabin in the regulation of cell morphology.

PMID:
10871857
DOI:
10.1038/sj.onc.1203631
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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