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Urology. 2000 Jul;56(1):26-9; discussion 29-30.

Laparoscopic radical cystoprostatectomy with ileal conduit performed completely intracorporeally: the initial 2 cases.

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Section of Laparoscopic and Minimally Invasive Surgery and Section of Urologic Oncology, Department of Urology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, OH 44195, USA.



To present the initial 2 patients who underwent laparoscopic radical cystoprostatectomy, bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy, and ileal conduit urinary diversion, with the entire procedure performed exclusively by intracorporeal laparoscopic techniques.


Two male patients, 78 and 70 years old, with muscle-invasive, organ-confined, transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder underwent the procedure. The entire procedure, including radical cystoprostatectomy, pelvic node dissection, isolation of the ileal loop, restoration of bowel continuity with stapled side-to-side ileoileal anastomosis, retroperitoneal transfer of the left ureter to the right side, and bilateral stented ileoureteral anastomoses were all performed exclusively by intracorporeal laparoscopic techniques. Free-hand laparoscopic suturing and in situ knot-tying techniques were used exclusively.


The surgical time was 11.5 hours in the first patient and 10 hours in the second. The respective blood loss was 1200 mL and 1000 mL. In both patients, ambulation resumed on postoperative day 2, bowel sounds on day 3, and oral intake on day 4; the hospital stay was 6 days. Narcotic analgesia comprised 108.3 mg and 16.5 mg of morphine sulfate equivalent, respectively. Pathologic examination revealed pT4N0M0 (prostate) and pT2bN0M0 transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder with the surgical margins negative for cancer in both patients. No intraoperative or postoperative complications occurred in either patient.


To our knowledge, this is the initial report of laparoscopic radical cystoprostatectomy with intracorporeal ileal conduit urinary diversion. We believe that with further experience and refinement in the operative technique, laparoscopic radical cystoprostatectomy with ileal conduit urinary diversion may become an attractive treatment option for selected candidates with localized muscle-invasive bladder cancer.

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