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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2000 Jun;293(3):912-20.

Isoprostanes, novel eicosanoids that produce nociception and sensitize rat sensory neurons.

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Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis 46202-5120, USA.


Isoprostanes are a novel class of eicosanoids primarily formed by peroxidation of arachidonic acid. Because of their potential as inflammatory and/or hyperalgesic agents whose formation is largely independent of cyclooxygenases, we examined whether 8-iso prostaglandin E(2) (8-iso PGE(2)) or 8-iso prostaglandin F(2alpha) (8-iso PGF(2alpha)) reduces mechanical and thermal withdrawal threshold in rats, and whether they sensitize rat sensory neurons. Injection of 1 microg of 8-iso PGE(2) (in 2.5 microl) into the hindpaw of rats significantly reduced mechanical and thermal withdrawal thresholds, whereas 1 microg of 8-iso PGF(2alpha) elicited a transient decrease in only the mechanical withdrawal threshold. Both isoprostanes enhanced the firing of C-nociceptors in a concentration-dependent manner when injected into peripheral receptive fields. Exposing sensory neurons grown in culture to 1 microM 8-iso PGE(2) or 8-iso PGF(2alpha) augmented the number of action potentials elicited by a ramp of depolarizing current. In contrast, 8-iso PGE(2) but not 8-iso PGF(2alpha) enhanced the release of substance P- and calcitonin gene-related peptide-like immunoreactivity from isolated sensory neurons. Ten micromolar 8-iso PGE(2) stimulated peptide release directly, whereas treatment with 1 microM 8-iso PGE(2) augmented the release evoked by either bradykinin or capsaicin. Pretreating neuronal cultures with the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug ketorolac did not alter the sensitizing action of 8-iso PGE(2) on peptide release, suggesting that this action of the isoprostane was not secondary to the production of prostaglandins via the cyclooxygenase pathway. These data support the notion that isoprostanes are an important class of inflammatory mediators that augment nociception.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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