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J Biol Chem. 2000 Sep 8;275(36):28261-8.

GAP1IP4BP contains a novel group I pleckstrin homology domain that directs constitutive plasma membrane association.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, School of Medical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TD, United Kingdom.


The group I family of pleckstrin homology (PH) domains are characterized by their inherent ability to specifically bind phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3)) and its corresponding inositol head-group inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate (Ins(1,3,4,5)P(4)). In vivo this interaction results in the regulated plasma membrane recruitment of cytosolic group I PH domain-containing proteins following agonist-stimulated PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3) production. Among group I PH domain-containing proteins, the Ras GTPase-activating protein GAP1(IP4BP) is unique in being constitutively associated with the plasma membrane. Here we show that, although the GAP1(IP4BP) PH domain interacts with PtdIns(3,4, 5)P(3), it also binds, with a comparable affinity, phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P(2)) (K(d) values of 0.5 +/- 0.2 and 0.8 +/- 0.5 microm, respectively). Intriguingly, whereas this binding site overlaps with that for Ins(1,3,4,5)P(4), consistent with the constitutive plasma membrane association of GAP1(IP4BP) resulting from its PH domain-binding PtdIns(4,5)P(2), we show that in vivo depletion of PtdIns(4,5)P(2), but not PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3), results in dissociation of GAP1(IP4BP) from this membrane. Thus, the Ins(1,3,4,5)P(4)-binding PH domain from GAP1(IP4BP) defines a novel class of group I PH domains that constitutively targets the protein to the plasma membrane and may allow GAP1(IP4BP) to be regulated in vivo by Ins(1,3,4,5)P(4) rather than PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3).

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