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Int J Epidemiol. 2000 Jun;29(3):549-57.

Acute effects of low levels of ambient ozone on peak expiratory flow rate in a cohort of Australian children.

Author information

1
Epidemiology Unit, South Western Sydney Area Health Service, Sydney, Australia. b.jalaludin@unsw.edu.au

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We enrolled a cohort of primary schoolchildren with a history of wheeze (n = 148) in an 11-month longitudinal study to examine the relationship between ambient ozone concentrations and peak expiratory flow rate.

METHODS:

Enrolled children recorded peak expiratory flow rates (PEFR) twice daily. We obtained air pollution, meteorological and pollen data. In all, 125 children remained in the final analysis.

RESULTS:

We found a significant negative association between daily mean deviation in PEFR and same-day mean daytime ozone concentration (beta-coefficient = 0.88; P = 0.04) after adjusting for co-pollutants, time trend, meteorological variables, pollen count and ALTERNARIA: count. The association was stronger in a subgroup of children with bronchial hyperreactivity and a doctor diagnosis of asthma (beta-coefficient = -2.61; P = 0.001). There was no significant association between PEFR and same-day daily daytime maximum ozone concentration. We also demonstrated a dose-response relationship with mean daytime ozone concentration.

CONCLUSIONS:

Moderate levels of ambient ozone have an adverse health effect on children with a history of wheezing, and this effect is larger in children with bronchial hyperreactivity and a doctor diagnosis of asthma.

PMID:
10869330
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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