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Am J Hum Genet. 2000 Aug;67(2):302-10. Epub 2000 Jun 22.

A new locus on chromosome 12p13.3 for pseudohypoaldosteronism type II, an autosomal dominant form of hypertension.

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INSERM U36, Collège de France, Paris.


Pseudohypoaldosteronism type II (PHA2) is a rare autosomal dominant form of volume-dependent low-renin hypertension characterized by hyperkalemia and hyperchloremic acidosis but also by a normal glomerular filtration rate. These features, together with the correction of blood pressure and metabolic abnormalities by small doses of thiazide diuretics, suggest a primary renal tubular defect. Two loci have previously been mapped at low resolution to chromosome 1q31-42 (PHA2A) and 17p11-q21 (PHA2B). We have now analyzed a new, large French pedigree, in which 12 affected members over three generations confirmed the autosomal dominant inheritance. Affected subjects had hypertension together with long-term hyperkalemia (range 5.2-6.2 mmol/liter), hyperchloremia (range: 100-109 mmol/liter), normal plasma creatinine (range: 63-129 mmol/liter) and low renin levels. Genetic linkage was excluded for both PHA2A and PHA2B loci (all LOD scores Z<-3.2 at recombination fraction [theta] 0), as well as for the thiazide-sensitive sodium-chloride cotransporter gene. A genome-wide scan using 383 microsatellite markers showed a strong linkage with the chromosome 12p13 region (maximum LOD score Z=6.18, straight theta=0, at D12S99). Haplotype analysis using 10 additional polymorphic markers led to a minimum 13-cM interval flanked by D12S1652 and D12S336, thus defining a new PHA2C locus. Analysis of two obvious candidate genes (SCNN1A and GNb3) located within the interval showed no deleterious mutation. In conclusion, we hereby demonstrate further genetic heterogeneity of this Mendelian form of hypertension and identify a new PHA2C locus, the most compelling and precise linkage interval described to date.

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