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J Psychiatr Res. 2000 May-Jun;34(3):193-200.

Eight-month functional outcome from mania following a first psychiatric hospitalization.

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Bipolar and Psychotic Disorders Research Program, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0559, USA.


The aim of this study was to identify how different areas of function (role performance, interpersonal relationships, sexual activity and recreational enjoyment) differentially recover from a manic episode during the 8 months following a first psychiatric hospitalization. Fifty patients with bipolar disorder, 16-45 years of age, who met the criteria for a current manic episode were recruited during their first psychiatric hospitalization. Forty-two (84%) of these participated in follow-up. Patients were evaluated using structured and semi-structured clinical instruments and the four areas of functional outcome were assessed with the LIFE interview. Recovery of the four areas of function were compared using survival and correlational analyses. Logistic regression identified factors associated with functional outcome. The four aspects of function were not significantly intercorrelated at baseline or during follow-up. Moreover, the survival curves for the different areas of function significantly differed. Specifically, patients demonstrated better recovery of sexual activity and worse recovery of recreational enjoyment than the other areas of function. Different clinical and demographic variables predicted recovery of the different areas of function. In conclusion, following a first manic episode, recovery of psychosocial function can be divided into separate components, i.e., role function, interpersonal relationships, sexual activity and recreational enjoyment, that appear to be relatively independent. Further clarification of recovery of these different areas of function may lead to better integrated treatments that maximize functional improvement early in the course of bipolar disorder.

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