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Cancer Res. 2000 Jun 15;60(12):3127-31.

The pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine derivative PD180970 inhibits p210Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase and induces apoptosis of K562 leukemic cells.

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Molecular Oncology Program, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, University of South Florida College of Medicine, Tampa 33612, USA.


PD180970 is a novel pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine class of ATP-competitive inhibitor of protein tyrosine kinases. We found that PD180970 inhibited in vivo tyrosine phosphorylation of p210Bcr-Abl (IC50 = 170 nM) and the p210BcrAbl substrates Gab2 and CrkL (IC50 = 80 nM) in human K562 chronic myelogenous leukemic cells. In vitro, PD180970 potently inhibited autophosphorylation of p210Bcr-Abl (IC50 = 5 nM) and the kinase activity of purified recombinant Abl tyrosine kinase (IC50 = 2.2 nM). Incubation of K562 cells with PD180970 resulted in cell death. Results of nuclear staining, apoptotic-specific poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase cleavage, and annexin V binding assays indicated that PD180970 induced apoptosis of K562 cells. In contrast, PD180970 had no apparent effects on the growth and viability of p210Bcr-Abl-negative HL60 human leukemic cells. Thus, PD180970 is among the most potent inhibitors of the p210Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase, which is present in almost all cases of human chronic myelogenous leukemia. These findings indicate that PD180970 is a promising candidate as a novel therapeutic agent for Bcr-Abl-positive leukemia.

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