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J Trauma. 2000 Jun;48(6):1128-43.

Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of blunt aortic injury: an EAST Practice Management Guidelines Work Group.

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Department of Trauma, Cook County Hospital, Chicago, Illinois, USA.


In summary, BAI is a lethal result of severe blunt trauma. It should be considered in all patients who sustained injury by a deceleration or acceleration mechanism, especially in the face of physical or radiographic findings suggestive of mediastinal injury. Angiography remains the "gold standard" for diagnosis, although CT scanning is taking more of a role, especially for screening. Diagnosis should be followed by prompt surgical repair using some method of distal perfusion to minimize renal and spinal cord ischemia. If prompt repair is not feasible because of other injuries or comorbidities, medical control of blood pressure is warranted in the interim.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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