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Planta Med. 2000 May;66(4):303-13.

Natural inhibitors of tumour necrosis factor-alpha production, secretion and function.

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School of Chemical and Life Sciences, University of Greenwich, London, UK.


Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF), originally discovered by its antitumor activity, is one of the most pleotropic cytokines acting as a host defence factor in immunologic and inflammatory responses. Although the antitumour activity and mediation of inflammation by TNF could be beneficial to the host, unregulated TNF is now known to be the basis for development of various diseases including septic shock, the wasting disease, cachexia, and various inflammatory and/or autoimmune diseases. With an attempt to find potential therapeutic agents for TNF-mediated diseases, research during the last decade has led in the identification of well over one hundred natural inhibitors of either TNF production/secretion or function. This review summarises the structures, mechanism of action and therapeutic potential of these natural products.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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