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Gene. 2000 Jun 13;251(1):9-17.

Sp22D: a multidomain serine protease with a putative role in insect immunity.

Author information

1
Department of Entomology, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706, USA. gorman@entomology.wisc.edu

Abstract

Serine proteases play critical roles in a variety of insect immune responses; however, few of the genes that code for these enzymes have been cloned. Here, we describe the molecular characterization of a serine protease gene from the mosquito Anopheles gambiae. Sp22D codes for a 1322 amino acid polypeptide with a complex domain organization. In addition to the carboxy terminal serine protease catalytic domain, Sp22D contains two putative chitin binding domains, a mucin-like domain, two low density lipoprotein receptor class A domains, and two scavenger receptor cysteine rich domains. A typical signal peptide sequence and a lack of potential transmembrane helices suggest that Sp22D is secreted. Sp22D is expressed constitutively in three immune-related cell types: adult hemocytes, fat body cells, and midgut epithelial cells. Wounding induces no changes in transcript abundance, but within 1h after injection of bacteria, Sp22D mRNA increases 1.5-fold. Based on domain organization, tissue distribution, and transcriptional up-regulation in response to immune challenge, we suggest that Sp22D has an immune function. In addition, we predict that Sp22D is secreted into the hemolymph where it may interact with pathogen surfaces and initiate an immune response.

PMID:
10863091
DOI:
10.1016/s0378-1119(00)00181-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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