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Enzyme Microb Technol. 2000 Jun 1;26(9-10):724-736.

Regulation of fermentative capacity and levels of glycolytic enzymes in chemostat cultures of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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Kluyver Laboratory of Biotechnology, Delft University of Technology, Julianalaan 67, 2628 BC, Delft, The Netherlands


Regulation of fermentative capacity was studied in chemostat cultures of two Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains: the laboratory strain CEN.PK113-7D and the industrial bakers' yeast strain DS28911. The two strains were cultivated at a fixed dilution rate of 0.10 h(-1) under various nutrient limitation regimes: aerobic and anaerobic glucose limitation, aerobic and anaerobic nitrogen limitation on glucose, and aerobic ethanol limitation. Also the effect of specific growth rate on fermentative capacity was compared in glucose-limited, aerobic cultures grown at dilution rates between 0.05 h(-1) and 0.40 h(-1). Biomass yields and metabolite formation patterns were identical for the two strains under all cultivation conditions tested. However, the way in which environmental conditions affected fermentative capacity (assayed off-line as ethanol production rate under anaerobic conditions) differed for the two strains. A different regulation of fermentative capacity in the two strains was also evident from the levels of the glycolytic enzymes, as determined by in vitro enzyme assays. With the exception of phosphofructokinase and pyruvate decarboxylase in the industrial strain, no clear-cut correlation between the activities of glycolytic enzymes and the fermentative capacity was found. These results emphasise the need for controlled cultivation conditions in studies on metabolic regulation in S. cerevisiae and demonstrate that conclusions from physiological studies cannot necessarily be extrapolated from one S. cerevisiae strain to the other.


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