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J Magn Reson Imaging. 2000 Jun;11(6):586-95.

Magnetization transfer and multicomponent T2 relaxation measurements with histopathologic correlation in an experimental model of MS.

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John P. Robarts Research Institute, London Health Sciences Center, University Campus, London, Ontario, Canada N6A 5K8.


Magnetization transfer and multicomponent T2 imaging techniques were implemented to study guinea pig in vivo. A chronic-progressive model of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) was produced, and the inflammatory component of the disease was manipulated using antibodies against integrin. The magnetization transfer ratio (MTR) and T2 relaxation properties were measured in normal-appearing white matter (NAWM) with histological comparisons. Significant reductions in both the mean MTR and the myelin water percentage were measured in NAWM of EAE guinea pig brain. However, the MTR and myelin water percentage appear to measure different aspects of pathology in NAWM in EAE. Reductions in the MTR were prevented or reversed with suppression of inflammation. However, modulation of inflammatory activity was not reflected in the measurement of the myelin water percentage. Since the amount of myelin is not expected to vary with inflammatory-related changes, these observations support our hypothesis that the MTR is sensitive to physiological changes to myelin induced by inflammation, while the short T2 component is a more specific indicator of myelin content in tissue. Pathologic features other than demyelination may be important in the determination of the MTR.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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