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J Cell Biochem. 2000 Jun 6;78(3):509-17.

Construction of a cosmid library of DNA replicated early in the S phase of normal human fibroblasts.

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Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599, USA.


We constructed a subgenomic cosmid library of DNA replicated early in the S phase of normal human diploid fibroblasts. Cells were synchronized by release from confluence arrest and incubation in the presence of aphidicolin. Bromodeoxyuridine (BrdUrd) was added to aphidicolin-containing medium to label DNA replicated as cells entered S phase. Nuclear DNA was partially digested with Sau 3AI, and hybrid density DNA was separated in CsCl gradients. The purified early-replicating DNA was cloned into sCos1 cosmid vector. Clones were transferred individually into the wells of 96 microtiter plates (9,216 potential clones). Vigorous bacterial growth was detected in 8,742 of those wells. High-density colony hybridization filters (1, 536 clones/filter) were prepared from a set of replicas of the original plates. Bacteria remaining in the wells of replica plates were combined, mixed with freezing medium, and stored at -80 degrees C. These pooled stocks were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction to determine the presence of specific sequences in the library. Hybridization of high-density filters was used to identify the clones of interest, which were retrieved from the frozen cultures in the 96-well plates. In testing the library for the presence of 14 known early-replicating genes, we found sequences at or near 5 of them: APRT, beta-actin, beta-tubulin, c-myc, and HPRT. This library is a valuable resource for the isolation and analysis of certain DNA sequences replicated at the beginning of S phase, including potential origins of bidirectional replication.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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