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Cytometry. 2000 Jun 15;42(3):165-73.

Use of specimen mammography-guided FNA (fine-needle aspirates) for flow cytometric multiple marker analysis and immunophenotyping in breast cancer.

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1
Division of Diagnostic Imaging, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, USA.

Abstract

A pilot study of a novel translational research method to simultaneously assay multiple molecular markers and DNA in fine-needle aspirates (FNA) of mammographically detected breast lesions is described. Specimen mammography-guided 20-gauge FNAs obtained from 86 lesions and 22 areas of normal tissue were analyzed by multiparameter flow cytometry for DNA content, her2/neu, transforming growth factor alpha (TGF alpha), and the epithelial marker cytokeratin (CK) simultaneously. Epithelial cell her2/neu positivity was detected in 12 of 44 (27%) of invasive ductal carcinomas and 3 of 9 (33%) ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), 10 of 30 (33%) benign lesions, and 4 of 22 (18%) normal tissue aspirates. All lesions and normal tissue showed a similar positive rate for TGFalpha ranging from 61 to 76%. The CK(+)TGF alpha(-)her2/neu(+) immunophenotype was more frequently positive in aneuploid tumors (22%) than all other lesions (7%) (P < 0.05). Specimen mammography-guided FNAs provide fresh cells for flow cytometric multiple marker analysis and immunophenotyping of clinically occult breast lesions and normal tissue.

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