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Biotechnol Bioeng. 2000 Aug 5;69(3):275-85.

Framework for online optimization of recombinant protein expression in high-cell-density Escherichia coli cultures using GFP-fusion monitoring.

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Center for Agricultural Biotechnology, University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, College Park 20742, USA.


A framework for the online optimization of protein induction using green fluorescent protein (GFP)-monitoring technology was developed for high-cell-density cultivation of Escherichia coli. A simple and unstructured mathematical model was developed that described well the dynamics of cloned chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) production in E. coli JM105 was developed. A sequential quadratic programming (SQP) optimization algorithm was used to estimate model parameter values and to solve optimal open-loop control problems for piecewise control of inducer feed rates that maximize productivity. The optimal inducer feeding profile for an arabinose induction system was different from that of an isopropyl-beta-D-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG) induction system. Also, model-based online parameter estimation and online optimization algorithms were developed to determine optimal inducer feeding rates for eventual use of a feedback signal from a GFP fluorescence probe (direct product monitoring with 95-minute time delay). Because the numerical algorithms required minimal processing time, the potential for product-based and model-based online optimal control methodology can be realized.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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