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J Immunol. 2000 Jul 1;165(1):5-9.

Cutting edge: antilisterial activity of CD8+ T cells derived from TNF-deficient and TNF/perforin double-deficient mice.

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Interdisciplinary Graduate Program in Immunology, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA.


The mechanisms by which CD8+ T cells mediate immunity against bacterial pathogens remain largely unknown. Perforin-dependent cytolysis plays a role, but is not required for CD8+ T cell-mediated immunity against Listeria monocytogenes. TNF is essential for CD8+ T cell immunity to L. monocytogenes, but the cellular source of TNF is undefined. TNF-deficient and TNF/perforin double-deficient mice were used to generate CD8+ T cells specific for an L. monocytogenes-derived Ag. Wild-type and TNF-deficient CD8+ T cells mediated antilisterial immunity in wild-type but not TNF-deficient host mice, revealing that CD8+ T cell-derived TNF is not required for CD8+ T cell-mediated antilisterial immunity, but demonstrating a role for TNF derived from other cell types. TNF/perforin double-deficient CD8+ T cells mediated antilisterial immunity in the liver, but not in the spleen, of wild-type recipient mice, suggesting that perforin-independent immunity in the spleen requires CD8+ T cell-derived TNF.

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