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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 Jun 16;272(3):906-11.

alpha(1)-adrenoceptor subtypes differentially couple to growth promotion and inhibition in Chinese hamster ovary cells.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, University of Essen, Germany.


We have compared the coupling of human alpha(1A)-, alpha(1B)-, and alpha(1D)-adrenoceptors (expressed at approximately 2000 fmol/mg protein in Chinese hamster ovary cells) to cellular growth promotion (as assessed by [(3)H]thymidine incorporation) and related signaling mechanisms. Maximum elevation of intracellular Ca(2+) by the three subtypes occurred with the rank order alpha(1A) (1691 nM) > alpha(1D) (1215 nM) > alpha(1B) (360 nM). In contrast, activation of the ERK, JNK, and p38 forms of mitogen-activated protein kinases occurred with the rank order alpha(1D) > alpha(1A) > alpha(1B). alpha(1A)-Adrenoceptor stimulation inhibited basal and growth factor-stimulated [(3)H]thymidine incorporation by 74%, and this was mitigated by p38 inhibition. In contrast, alpha(1D)-adrenoceptor stimulation enhanced cellular growth by 136%, and this was blocked by two distinct inhibitors of ERK activation. We conclude that within a given cell type alpha(1)-adrenoceptor subtypes can have opposite effects on cellular growth, although their proximal signal transduction displays only quantitative differences.

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