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Genomics. 2000 May 1;65(3):266-73.

Identification of two novel proteins that interact with germ-cell-specific RNA-binding proteins DAZ and DAZL1.

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Department of Pediatrics, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, California 90509, USA.


The human DAZ (deleted in azoospermia) gene family on the Y chromosome and an autosomal DAZ-like gene, DAZL1, encode RNA-binding proteins that are expressed exclusively in germ cells. Their role in spermatogenesis is supported by their homology with a Drosophila male infertility gene boule and sterility of Daz11 knock-out mice. While all mammals contain a DAZL1 homologue on their autosomes, DAZ homologues are present only on the Y chromosomes of great apes and Old World monkeys. The DAZ and DAZL1 proteins differ in the copy numbers of a DAZ repeat and the C-terminal sequences. We studied the interaction of DAZ and DAZL1 with other proteins as an approach to investigate functional similarity between these two proteins. Using DAZ as bait in a yeast two-hybrid system, we isolated two DAZAP (DAZ-associated protein) genes. DAZAP1 encodes a novel RNA-binding protein that is expressed most abundantly in the testis, and DAZAP2 encodes a ubiquitously expressed protein with no recognizable functional motif. DAZAP1 and DAZAP2 bind similarly to both DAZ and DAZL1 through the DAZ repeats. The DAZAP genes were mapped to chromosomal regions 19p13.3 and 2q33-q34, respectively, where no genetic diseases affecting spermatogenesis are known to map.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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