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Photochem Photobiol. 2000 Jun;71(6):737-42.

Multispectral imaging autofluorescence microscopy for the analysis of lymph-node tissues.

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  • 1Divisione di Ematologia, Azienda Ospedaliera Careggi, Florence, Italy.


Although histochemical and immunohistochemical methods are the standard procedures in diagnosis of lymphoproliferative disorders, useful improvements in evidencing histopathologic manifestations can be obtained with the introduction of tissue autofluorescence analyses. We used microspectrofluorometry and a Multispectral Imaging Autofluorescence Microscopy (MIAM) technique to analyze lymph-node biopsies from patients with lymphoadenopathy of different origins. Images of tissue autofluorescence were obtained by excitation at 365 nm of lymph-node sections and sequential detection with interference filters (50 nm bandwidth) peaked at 450, 550 and 658 nm. Monochrome images were combined together in a single red-green-blue color image. Most of the fluorescence was observed within the blue spectral band because of large contributions from extracellular collagen and elastin fibers as well as from reduced form of intracellular nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (phosphate). Autofluorescence imaging shows morphological differences between neoplastic and non-neoplastic tissues. The reactive hyperplasia samples show the typical lymph-node organization with weak fluorescent follicles separated by high fluorescent connective trabeculae. In the neoplastic lymph nodes the loss of follicle organization is observed. Consequently, MIAM permits to discriminate between non-neoplastic and neoplastic tissues on the basis of their autofluorescence pattern. Multispectral imaging of tissue autofluorescence may present some advantages with respect to standard histochemical microscopy since it (1) does not require any chemical manipulation of samples; (2) gives real-time results performing the analysis immediately upon specimen resection; and (3) supplies a representation of the biological structure organization linked to endogenous fluorophores.

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