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Ultrasound Med Biol. 2000 May;26(4):571-7.

A new approach for glomerular lesions: evaluation of scanning acoustic microscopy (SAM) for experimental glomerular disease in rats.

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Second Department of Internal Medicine, Kagawa, Japan.


Most pathological evaluations using ordinary optical microscopy are usually qualitative and subjective. The beneficial properties of scanning acoustic microscopy (SAM) include not only observation of microstructure but also quantitative measurement of acoustic propagation speed, indicating the tissue elasticity. In this study, we examined the capability of SAM to evaluate pathological findings in glomeruli using anti-Thy.1 glomerulonephritis. Light microscopic observations of the glomeruli showed severe cell proliferation and mesangial matrix expansion at 10 days after induction of glomerulonephritis and, yet, to a lower extent at day 21 with onset of healing. C-mode scanning of SAM enabled imaging of glomerular structure compatible to findings of ordinary light microscopy. In addition, glomerular propagation speed in nephritic rats was significantly increased at day 10, and then decreased at day 21. These results indicate that SAM evaluation may be a new, useful technique for quantitative evaluation of proliferative glomerular lesions.

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