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J Biol Chem. 2000 Aug 25;275(34):26252-8.

Lipopolysaccharide inhibits long term potentiation in the rat dentate gyrus by activating caspase-1.

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Physiology Department, Trinity College, Dublin 2, Ireland.


Lipopolysaccharide, a component of the cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria, may be responsible for at least some of the pathophysiological sequelae of bacterial infections, probably by inducing an increase in interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) concentration. We report that intraperitoneal injection of lipopolysaccharide increased hippocampal caspase-1 activity and IL-1beta concentration; these changes were associated with increased activity of the stress-activated kinase c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase, decreased glutamate release, and impaired long term potentiation. The degenerative changes in hippocampus and entorhinal cortical neurones were consistent with apoptosis because translocation of cytochrome c and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase cleavage were increased. Inhibition of caspase-1 blocked these changes, suggesting that IL-1beta mediated the lipopolysaccharide-induced changes.

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