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J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2000 Jun;105(6 Pt 1):1093-100.

Identification of SAF-2, a novel siglec expressed on eosinophils, mast cells, and basophils.

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Department of Immunology, SmithKline Beecham Pharmaceuticals, King of Prussia, PA 19406, USA.



Eosinophils, basophils, and mast cells are believed to be the central tenet cells in allergic conditions including allergic rhinitis, asthma, and eczema. The molecular mechanisms underlying the recruitment of these cells to sites of allergic inflammation are poorly understood.


Our aim was to identify a common adhesion molecule that could potentially be responsible for mediating the recruitment of the allergic cell types to the lungs and other sites of allergy.


We have cloned a sialoadhesin molecule from a human eosinophil library with the use of expressed sequence tag technology and characterized its expression on allergic cells by the use of flow cytometry and specific mAbs.


With the use of expressed sequence tag sequencing, we have identified a novel siglec molecule, SAF-2. SAF-2 has homology with other sialoadhesin family members (CD33 and siglec-5) and belongs to a subgroup of the Ig superfamily. SAF-2 is a 431-amino acid protein composed of 3 Ig domains with a 358-amino acid extracellular domain and a 47-amino acid tail. SAF-2 is highly restricted to eosinophils, basophils, and mast cells. Antibodies to SAF-2 do not modulate Ca(++) mobilization or chemotaxis of human eosinophils induced by eotaxin.


SAF-2 is a highly restricted sialoadhesin molecule, which may be useful in the detection and/or modulation of allergic cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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