Send to

Choose Destination
Cancer Metastasis Rev. 1999;18(4):473-81.

Targeting vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) for anti-tumor therapy, by anti-VEGF neutralizing monoclonal antibodies or by VEGF receptor tyrosine-kinase inhibitors.

Author information

Core Technology, Novartis Pharmaceuticals, Novartis Limited, Basle, Switzerland.


Vascular endothelial growth factor/vascular permeability factor (VEGF/VPF) is an important mediator of tumor-induced angiogenesis and represents a potential target for innovative anticancer therapy. In several animal models, neutralizing anti-VEGF/VPF antibodies have shown encouraging inhibitory effects on solid tumor growth, ascites formation and metastatic dissemination. Targeting the VEGF signaling pathway by means of VEGF receptor tyrosine-kinase inhibitors has shown similar efficacy in animal tumor models. Several of these anti-VEGF therapies are currently being tested in clinical trials in cancer patients. The profiles and effects of the neutralizing anti-VEGF/VPF antibodies and the VEGF receptor tyrosine-kinase inhibitors in animal models are reviewed and of the risks and benefits of VEGF blockade by one or the other treatments are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center