Send to

Choose Destination
Tissue Cell. 2000 Apr;32(2):188-97.

Morphogenesis of the giant sperm axoneme in Asphondylia ruebsaameni Kertesz (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae).

Author information

Department of Evolutionary Biology, University of Siena, Italy.


The formation of the sperm giant axoneme of the gall-midge fly Asphondylia ruebsaameni is described here. The axoneme consists of a great number of microtubular doublets (up to 2,500) arranged in a double spiral wrapping around an axial cluster of mitochondria. Each microtubular doublet is provided with an outer arm only. In the early spermatid the occurrence of a large system of curved multi-layered filamentous material associated with membranous cisternae has been observed in the perinuclear region. Such a system extends throughout the cytoplasm to contact the plasma membrane. The filamentous material appears to act as a nucleating centre for the assembly of the microtubular doublets, which initially have a submembranous location and later are distributed in the interior of the cell. After their assembly, microtubular doublets are associated pairwise and are arranged in a single microtubular row with a zig-zag configuration. This configuration changes during spermiogenesis as a consequence both of a rotation of the microtubular doublet pairs and a compaction of the axonemal complex due to the elimination of the excess cytoplasm. As a result of this process, a double parallel spiral of microtubular doublets is formed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center