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Cancer Biother Radiopharm. 1997 Oct;12(5):333-40.

Expression of inflammatory cytokines by murine macrophages activated with a new synthetic lipopeptide JT3002.

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Department of Cell Biology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston 77030, USA.


The present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of JT3002, a new synthetic analogue of a lipoprotein from the outer wall of a gram-negative bacterium on the production of cytokines by mouse peritoneal macrophages. Multilamellar liposomes containing different concentrations of JT3002 induced production of the inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1 alpha, and interleukin-6 by macrophages in dose- and time-dependent manners. The presence of interferon-gamma enhanced production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha by macrophages exposed to lower concentrations of JT3002 and induced the release of nitric oxide, a potent cytolytic molecule of activated macrophages. Unlike lipopolysaccharide, JT3002 activated macrophages independently of serum, but like lipopolysaccharide, it required protein tyrosine kinase.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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