Send to

Choose Destination
Cancer Biother Radiopharm. 1997 Jun;12(3):157-65.

Active specific immunotherapy of renal cell carcinoma: cellular and humoral immune responses.

Author information

Department of Hematology and Oncology, MHH University Medical Center, Hannover, Germany.


We investigated the effect of vaccinating renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients with irradiated autologous or allogeneic tumor cells and Newcastle disease virus (NDV) as adjuvant on cellular and humoral antitumor immunity. By Western blot analysis, we found that vaccination induced antibody formation in 33 of 34 patients against NDV proteins but not against tumor cell related antigens. NDV proteins detected had molecular weights of 53 kDa, 55-56 kDa, and 66 kDa. ADCC by patients' isolated PBMC and patients' sera against autologous or allogeneic tumor cells was not enhanced after vaccine treatment in a nonradioactive cytotoxicity assay. Target cells infected with NDV were lysed more effectively (p < 0.05) in ADCC after vaccination than noninfected targets. Natural cellular cytotoxicity of patients' isolated PBMC was not altered during vaccine treatment. Specific lysis rates against autologous and allogeneic RCC cells not exceeded 10% (effector:target ratio 50:1). Specific lysis of K-562 cells was > 20%; a slight decrease in lysis during vaccination was not significant. Numbers of lymphocyte subsets from patients' peripheral blood analyzed by FACS revealed significant expression of CD20+ (p < 0.02) and CD39+ (p < 0.03) cell numbers by vaccine therapy. Cytokine detection in patients' sera by ELISA showed significant increases (p < 0.05) for IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha but not for IFN-alpha four h post vaccination. Thus, immunomodulation with autologous or allogeneic RCC tumor cell vaccines is mainly due to cytokine induction, whereas tumor specific humoral or cellular responses are not detectable in patients' peripheral blood.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center