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Inflammation. 2000 Aug;24(4):331-46.

Evaluation of chemokine- and phlogistin-mediated leukocyte chemotaxis using an in vivo sponge model.

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1
Department of Immunology, Schering-Plough Research Institute, Kenilworth, New Jersey 07033, USA.

Abstract

We have directly compared the in vivo activity of a number of chemokines and phlogistins using a modified murine in vivo sponge model in which gelatin sponges are soaked with chemoattractant and implanted in the peritoneal cavity. Sponges soaked with murine JE/MCP-1 (monocyte chemoattractant protein-1) or zymosan promoted the chemotaxis of specific leukocyte populations in a time-dependent manner, as judged by multiparameter flow cytometry, with granulocytes predominating in zymosan-soaked sponges and granulocytes and macrophages present in JE/MCP-1-soaked sponges. Smaller numbers of B, T and dendritic cells were identified as well. Eotaxin selectively chemoattracted eosinophils in this model, while MIG induced significant T cell migration relative to other chemokines. Cell migration was inhibited by administration of methotrexate, piroxicam or dexamethasone, and JE/MCP-1-mediated trafficking was impaired by treatment with anti-JE antibody or with IL-10, suggesting a role for pro-inflammatory factors in amplifying the JE/MCP-1-induced response. This amplification phase involves the production of the chemokine KC, since anti-KC antibody significantly attenuated JE/MCP-1-induced chemotaxis. These results indicate that intraperitoneally implanted chemoattractant-soaked gelatin sponges are capable of inducing a pronounced inflammatory response characterized by the selective migration of leukocyte populations, and suggest that this model may be useful for delineating the activity of novel inhibitors of leukocyte chemotaxis.

PMID:
10850855
DOI:
10.1023/a:1007044914240
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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