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Cancer Biother Radiopharm. 1999 Feb;14(1):31-6.

Paclitaxel (Taxol): an inhibitor of angiogenesis in a highly vascularized transgenic breast cancer.

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Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, Davis, Sacramento 95817, USA.


Paclitaxel (Taxol), a promoter of microtubule polymerization and a radiosensitizing agent, is one of the more active anticancer drugs in the current treatment of solid tumors. In this study, we show that paclitaxel possesses an antiangiogenic property associated with a down-regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in a highly-vascularized transgenic murine breast cancer (Met-1). Paclitaxel, at non-cytotoxic doses of 0, 3 and 6 mg/kg/day, was administered intraperitoneally for 5 days to nude mice bearing the Met-1 breast tumor. Extent of intratumoral angiogenesis, as indicated by microvessel tortuosity and microvessel density, was significantly reduced by paclitaxel in a dose-dependent manner. Paclitaxel also suppressed expression of VEGF in the Met-1 cells transplanted in nude mice or maintained in cell culture. These results indicate that antiangiogenesis associated with a down-regulation of VEGF is an additional mode of action of paclitaxel.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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