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Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2000 Spring;84-86:5-37.

Fundamental factors affecting biomass enzymatic reactivity.

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Department of Chemical Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station 77843, USA.


Poplar wood was treated with peracetic acid, KOH, and ball milling to produce 147 model lignocelluloses with a broad spectrum of lignin contents, acetyl contents, and crystallinity indices (CrIs), respectively. An empirical model was identified that describes the roles of these three properties in enzymatic hydrolysis. Lignin content and CrI have the greatest impact on biomass digestibility, whereas acetyl content has a minor impact. The digestibility of several lime-treated biomass samples agreed with the empirical model. Lime treatment removes all acetyl groups and a moderate amount of lignin and increases CrI slightly; lignin removal is the dominant benefit from lime treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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