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Adv Exp Med Biol. 2000;477:155-60.

Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (CD26): role in T cell activation and autoimmune disease.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Otto-von-Guericke-University, Magdeburg, Germany.


The ectoenzyme dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DP IV; EC; CD26) has been shown to play a crucial role in T cell activation. In the present study, we show by flow cytometry and by enzymatic DP IV assay that myelin basic protein (MBP)-specific, CD4+ T cell clones (TCC) derived from patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) express high levels of DP IV/CD26. The enzymatic activity of resting TCC was found to be three to fourfold higher than on resting peripheral blood T cells and close to that of T cells 48 hours after PHA stimulation. The DP IV inhibitors Lys[Z(NO2)]-thiazolidide and Lys[Z(NO2)]-pyrrolidide suppress in a dose-dependent manner DNA synthesis and IFN-gamma, IL-4, and TNF-alpha production of the antigen-stimulated TCC. These data suggest that CD26 plays a role in regulating activation of autoreactive TCC. Further in vivo investigations will clarify, whether the inhibition of the enzymatic activity of DP IV could be a useful tool for therapeutic interventions in MS and/or other autoimmune diseases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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