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Adv Exp Med Biol. 2000;477:131-7.

Signal transduction events induced or affected by inhibition of the catalytic activity of dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DP IV, CD26).

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Department of Internal Medicine, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, Germany.


DP IV (CD26) represents an accessory surface molecule playing an important role in the process of activation and proliferation of human lymphocytes. The molecular events mediated by this ectoenzyme are only partly established and the necessity of DP IV enzymatic activity for its signalling capacity has been discussed controversial. Focusing on the putative role of the catalytic domain of this peptidase, it could be shown that inhibition of the catalytic activity can provoke many cellular effects, including induction of tyrosine phosphorylations and p38 MAP kinase activation as well as suppression of DNA synthesis and reduced production of various cytokines. TGF-beta 1, the production and secretion of which is increased after DP IV inhibition, supposedly mediates the observed suppressive effects by maintaining p27kip expression levels which leads to a cell cycle arrest in G1. Moreover, anti-CD3-induced signalling pathways, including Ca2+ mobilisation, MEK1-, Erk1/2- and PKB-activation, can be strongly affected by DP IV inhibition. Thus, the enzymatic activity or at least the interaction of effectors with the catalytic domain of CD26 seems to be important for crucial functions of this cell surface antigen.

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