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Adv Exp Med Biol. 2000;475:123-30.

Hypoxia, HIF-1, and the pathophysiology of common human diseases.

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Institute of Genetic Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA.


Hypoxia plays a fundamental role in the pathophysiology of common causes of mortality, including ischemic heart disease, stroke, cancer, chronic lung disease, and congestive heart failure. In these disease states, hypoxia induces changes in gene expression in target organs that either fail to result in adequate adaptation or directly contribute to disease pathogenesis. Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is a transcriptional activator that is expressed in response to cellular hypoxia and mediates multiple cellular and systemic homeostatic responses to hypoxia. Recent studies have provided evidence that important pathophysiological responses to hypoxia in pulmonary hypertension, myocardial ischemia, and cancer are mediated by HIF-1. Pharmacologic and gene therapy strategies designed to modulate HIF-1 activity may represent a novel and effective therapeutic approach to these common disorders.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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