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Mol Biol Cell. 2000 Jun;11(6):2007-18.

Interaction of the tau2 transcriptional activation domain of glucocorticoid receptor with a novel steroid receptor coactivator, Hic-5, which localizes to both focal adhesions and the nuclear matrix.

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  • 1Department of Pathology and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089, USA.


Hic-5 (hydrogen peroxide-inducible clone-5) is a focal adhesion protein that is involved in cellular senescence. In the present study, a yeast two-hybrid screen identified Hic-5 as a protein that interacts with a region of the glucocorticoid receptor that includes a nuclear matrix-targeting signal and the tau2 transcriptional activation domain. In transiently transfected mammalian cells, overexpression of Hic-5 potentiated the activation of reporter genes by all steroid receptors, excluding the estrogen receptor. The activity of the estrogen receptor and the thyroid hormone receptor was stimulated by Hic-5 in the presence but not in the absence of coexpressed coactivator GRIP1. In biochemical fractionations and indirect immunofluorescence assays, a fraction of endogenous Hic-5 in REF-52 cells and transiently expressed Hic-5 in Cos-1 cells was associated with the nuclear matrix. The C-terminal region of Hic-5, which contains seven zinc fingers arranged in four LIM domains, was required for interaction with focal adhesions, the nuclear matrix, steroid receptors, and the tau2 domain of glucocorticoid receptor. The N-terminal region of Hic-5 possesses a transcriptional activation domain and was essential for the coactivator activity of Hic-5. Given the coexisting cytoplasmic and nuclear distributions of Hic-5 and its role in steroid receptor-mediated transcriptional activation, it is proposed that Hic-5 might transmit signals that emanate at cell attachment sites and regulate transcription factors, such as steroid receptors.

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