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J Toxicol Sci. 2000 May;25(2):77-83.

Comedogenicity of squalene monohydroperoxide in the skin after topical application.

Author information

1
Department of Toxicology, Safety Research Center, Yakult Central Institute for Microbiological Research, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

The comedogenicity of squalene peroxides was examined on the rabbit ear skin after topical application of squalene-monohydroperoxide (Sq-OOH), the initial product when squalene was irradiated with UV-A. Since comedogenic products from UV-irradiated squalene were extracted with methanol solution, we isolated Sq-OOH by reverse-phased HPLC with a methanol mobile phase solvent. The degree of comedogenic reaction induced by Sq-OOH was higher than that of well-known comedogenic cosmetic ingredients. Unlike two other mono-peroxides, tert-butyl hydroperoxide and cumene-mono-hydroperoxide, Sq-OOH induced comedo-formation in the rabbit ear skin. However, the comedogenicity of reduced Sq-OOH, squalene-hydroxide (Sq-OH) and squalene itself was lower than that of Sq-OOH. These results indicate that Sq-OOH is a potent comedogenic mono-hydroperoxide chemical to rabbit skin.

PMID:
10845185
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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