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J Invest Dermatol. 2000 Jun;114(6):1158-63.

S gene (Corneodesmosin) diversity and its relationship to psoriasis; high content of cSNP in the HLA-linked S gene.

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1
Department of Clinical Genetics, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Ostra, Göteborg, Sweden. charlotta.enerback@sahlgrenska.se

Abstract

Psoriasis is a heterogeneous disease in which several reports suggest the presence of a susceptibility gene in or in the proximity of the human leukocyte antigen complex in chromosome 6p. There is an association between HLA-Cw6 and young onset of the disease. The S gene (corneodesmosin), located 160 kb telomeric of HLA-C, is a strong candidate for psoriasis due to its reportedly exclusive expression in differentiating keratinocytes. We have studied this gene in a large Swedish psoriasis population and we report a strikingly high degree of polymorphism in the coding parts of the gene, 1 every 100 base pairs. We used a stratified approach to compare the polymorphic variants in patients and controls. A single nucleotide polymorphism in the coding region leading to an amino acid exchange (Ser-->Phe) that differed significantly between patients and controls was identified (position 619). Owing to a high allele frequency in a larger control group, however, and an insignificant influence of the variant on the age at onset distribution curve based on a large psoriasis population, we could not confirm that this coding single nucleotide polymorphism was involved in disease etiology. We also examined the single nucleotide polymorphism in position 1243, recently proposed to have an influence on the pathogenesis of the disease. This polymorphism showed less association to the disease as compared with the single nucleotide polymorphism at positions 619 and 722. Such a high degree of variation present also in an HLA gene which is not involved in immune response indicates the difficulty involved in assessing the role of a specific allele in the pathogenesis of a complex disease in this region. A strong association effect due to linkage disequilibrium in an extended region in the HLA complex is also a complicating factor.

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