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Eur J Pharmacol. 2000 May 26;397(1):207-17.

An anti-inflammatory ditriazine inhibiting leukocyte functions and expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclo-oxygenase-2.

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Departamento de Farmacología, Universidad de Valencia, Facultad de Farmacia, Av. Vicent Andrés Estellés s/n, 46100 Burjasot, Valencia, Spain.


A ditriazine derivative (4,10-dichloropyrido[5,6:4,5]thieno[3,2-d':3, 2-d]-1,2,3-ditriazine (DTD)) inhibited neutrophil functions, including degranulation, superoxide generation, and leukotriene B(4) production, without any effect on 5-lipoxygenase activity. This compound reduced nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E(2) production in mouse peritoneal macrophages stimulated with lipopolysaccharide, whereas no influence on the activity of inducible NO synthase, cyclo-oxygenase-2 or cyclo-oxygenase-1 was observed. DTD significantly reduced mouse paw oedema induced by carrageenan and also markedly reduced NO and prostaglandin E(2) levels in exudates from 24-h zymosan-stimulated mouse air pouch. Western blot analysis showed that DTD reduced the expression of inducible NO synthase and cyclo-oxygenase-2. Our results indicate that DTD exerts anti-inflammatory effects related to the inhibition of neutrophil functions and of NO and prostaglandin E(2) production, which could be due to a decreased expression of inducible NO synthase and cyclo-oxygenase-2.

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