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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2000 May;85(5):1951-3.

Variations in vitamin D-binding protein (group-specific component protein) are associated with fasting plasma insulin levels in Japanese with normal glucose tolerance.

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The Third Department of Internal Medicine, Tohoku University School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.


The locus of the vitamin D-binding protein (DBP; also known as group-specific component protein or Gc) gene, chromosome 4q12, has been reported to be associated with glucose metabolism in several ethnic groups, including Pima Indians. We have recently reported the association of the DBP genotype with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Japan. The aim of this study was to investigate whether genetic variations of DBP have any influence on glucose metabolism without secondary effects of hyperglycemia or diabetes mellitus using 82 Japanese with normal glucose tolerance. The variations of the DBP gene (Gc 1F, 1S, and 2) were determined by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Fasting plasma insulin concentration and homeostasis model assessment, an index of insulin resistance, were significantly different based on the DBP genotype (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05, respectively). The people with Gc 1S-2 (5.73 +/- 2.57 microU/mL) and 1S-1S (5.30 +/- 3.46 microU/mL) had significantly higher fasting plasma concentrations than those with 1F-1F (2.84 +/- 1.67 microU/mL) (P < 0.01 and P < 0.03, respectively). There was no significant difference in plasma glucose concentration, body mass index, total cholesterol, triglyceride, and blood pressure. In conclusion, genetic variations of DBP are associated with insulin resistance in Japanese with normal glucose tolerance, which might contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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