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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2000 May;85(5):1937-45.

Glucocorticoid stimulation of corticotropin-releasing hormone gene expression requires a cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate regulatory element in human primary placental cytotrophoblast cells.

Author information

1
Mothers and Babies Research Center, Endocrine Unit, John Hunter Hospital, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia.

Abstract

Production of placental CRH, which is identical to the peptide synthesized and secreted in the hypothalamus, has been linked to human parturition. Glucocorticoids stimulate placental CRH secretion and messenger ribonucleic acid expression, in contrast to their inhibition of CRH synthesis in the hypothalamus. A positive feedforward loop involving glucocorticoid-CRH-ACTH-glucocorticoid is thought to drive the exponential increase in placental CRH leading to delivery. Tissue-specific effects of glucocorticoids on CRH expression are therefore of interest. Using human primary placental cells, we investigated the mechanism by which glucocorticoids stimulate placental CRH gene expression. Nuclear run-on transcription shows that in human placental cells glucocorticoids up-regulate transcription of human CRH (hCRH). Using transient transfection assays we demonstrate that dexamethasone up-regulates both basal and cAMP-stimulated hCRH promoter activity, correlating well with the increase in endogenous CRH peptide levels. Through mutagenesis and deletion analyses we show that dexamethasone stimulation of hCRH gene transcription requires a functional cAMP regulatory element (CRE); this CRE is adequate to confer dexamethasone stimulation upon a heterologous promoter, and electrophoretic mobility shift assay studies show that a placental nuclear protein specifically binds to the hCRH CRE.

PMID:
10843178
DOI:
10.1210/jcem.85.5.6552
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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