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Aust Vet J. 2000 Apr;78(4):258-61.

Neospora caninum infections in Australia and New Zealand.

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1
Novartis Animal Health Australasia Pty Ltd, New South Wales.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To review the current state of knowledge of Neospora caninum infections with particular reference to Australia and New Zealand.

PROCEDURE:

Several databases were searched electronically including Medline, Current Contents, Vet CD using several key words (Neospora caninum, neosporosis, abortion, cattle, dogs) and authors names. References in original articles were also traced and use made of the author's own original research in the field.

CONCLUSION:

N caninum is recognised worldwide and is also widespread, in particular in dairy cattle, in Australia and New Zealand. It has been reported in both countries retrospectively (in dogs) from the early 1970s. Abortion storms in dairy herds appear to be the most common feature. Recent reports indicate that the dog is the definitive host, in which the sexual cycle is completed. Further studies are however required to establish important aspects of the epidemiology, such as mode of transmission. In the absence of an effective vaccine, the most effective control strategy is selective culling of infected animals and the prevention of access of dogs to expelled placentas and foetuses and, possibly, to raw beef.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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