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Phytomedicine. 2000 Apr;7(2):151-9.

Beta-carotene prolongs survival, decreases lipid peroxidation and enhances glutathione status in transplantable murine lymphoma.

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Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Jadavpur University, Calcutta, India.


Carotenoids of dietary origin have recently been the subject of renewed research interest because of epidemiological evidence indicating an inverse relationship between intake of carotenoids-rich plant substances and risk of certain cancers. This study was attempted to understand the biological actions of dietary beta-carotene (BC) on Dalton's lymphoma (DL), a rapidly proliferating transplantable tumor, in effecting the survival of the lymphoma-bearing mice. The glutathione (GSH) level and the extent of lipid peroxidation in the liver, kidney and brain were monitored in BC-treated (100 mg/kg food) mice transplanted with DL. These markers showed substantial alterations during the whole length of tumor progression in lymphoma-bearing mice without BC supplementation. When treated with BC, both malondialdehyde contents (evidence of lipid peroxidation) and the GSH levels in different organs were found to be closer to normal values in the initial period of tumor progression. BC-mediated protection against lipid peroxidation was maximally found to be in hepatic tissue throughout the study following DL transplantation. This was fairly reflected in the higher BC concentration in hepatic tissue of BC-treated lymphoma group compared to untreated lymphoma control. Significantly higher survival time (51-55 days) was observed in BC-treated animals in comparison to their untreated DL counterparts (35-38 days). The prolonged survival observed in the BC-supplemented animals may be attributed to the higher resistance offered by animals receiving BC towards lipid peroxidation-related tissue injury.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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