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Mol Cell Biochem. 2000 Mar;206(1-2):125-32.

Antioxidant properties of (-)-epicatechin-3-gallate and its inhibition of Cr(VI)-induced DNA damage and Cr(IV)- or TPA-stimulated NF-kappaB activation.

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Pathology and Physiology Research Branch, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA.


Electron spin resonance (ESR) spin trapping was utilized to investigate the scavenging effects on hydroxyl radicals (*OH) and superoxide radicals (O2*-) by (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), one of the major anticancer compounds in tea. The spin trap used was 5,5-dimethyl-pyrroline N-oxide (DMPO). The Fenton reaction (Fe2+ + H2O2-->Fe3+ + *OH + OH-) was used as a source of *OH radicals. EGCG efficiently scavenges *OH radicals with reaction rate of 4.62 x 10(11) M(-1)sec(-1), which is an order of magnitude higher than several well recognized antioxidants, such as ascorbate, glutathione and cysteine. It also scavenges O2*- radicals as demonstrated by using xanthine and xanthine oxidase system as a source of O2*- radicals. Through its antioxidant properties, EGCG exhibited a protective effect against DNA damage induced by Cr(VI). EGCG also inhibited activation of nuclear transcription factor NF-kappaB induced by Cr(IV) and 12-o-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). The present studies provide a mechanistic basis for the reported anticarcinogenic properties of EGCG and related tea products.

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