Send to

Choose Destination
Neuropsychologia. 2000;38(8):1170-9.

A functional MRI case study of acquired cerebral dyschromatopsia.

Author information

Section on Functional Brain Imaging, National Institute of Mental Health, 10 Center Drive MSC 1366, Building 10, Room 4C104, Bethesda, MD 20892-1366, USA.


Evidence from imaging studies suggests that primary visual cortex and multiple areas in ventral occipitotemporal cortex subserve color perception in humans. To learn more about the organization of these areas, we used structural and functional MRI (fMRI) to examine a patient with damage to ventral cortex. An art professor, KG, suffered a cerebrovascular accident during heart surgery that impaired his ability to perceive color. The Farnsworth-Munsell 100-Hue test was used to assess the extent of his deficit. When tested 12 months after the lesion, KG performed worse than 95% of age-matched normals on the 100-Hue test, but well above chance. Structural and functional MRI studies were conducted 3 years after the lesion to investigate the neuroanatomical correlates of KG'ss remaining color ability. Structural MRI revealed bilateral damage to ventral occipitotemporal cortex. In young and age-matched normal controls, an fMRI version of the 100-Hue reliably activated bilateral, color-selective regions in primary visual cortex and anterior and posterior ventral cortex. In subject KG, color-selective cortex was found in bilateral primary visual cortex. In ventral cortex, no color-selective activity was observed in right ventral cortex, and only a small area of activity was observed in left anterior ventral cortex. However, significant color-selective activity was observed in posterior left ventral cortex spared by the lesion. This posterior left ventral activation was similar in extent, position, and degree of color-selectivity to the posterior left posterior activation observed in normal controls, suggesting that this focus may be the cortical substrate underlying KG's remaining color perception.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center