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Adv Drug Deliv Rev. 1997 Oct 13;28(1):25-42.

Preparation of microspheres by the solvent evaporation technique.

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  • 1Drug Dynamics Institute, College of Pharmacy, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, 78712-1074, USA


The microencapsulation process in which the removal of the hydrophobic polymer solvent is achieved by evaporation has been widely reported in recent years for the preparation of microspheres and microcapsules based on biodegradable polymers and copolymers of hydroxy acids. The properties of biodegradable microspheres of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) and poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) have been extensively investigated. The encapsulation of highly water soluble compounds including proteins and peptides presents formidable challenges to the researcher. The successful encapsulation of such entities requires high drug loading in the microspheres, prevention of protein degradation by the encapsulation method, and predictable release of the drug compound from the microspheres. To achieve these goals, multiple emulsion techniques and other innovative modifications have been made to the conventional solvent evaporation process.

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