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J Biol Chem. 2000 Sep 1;275(35):27238-44.

Crystal structure of human parathyroid hormone 1-34 at 0.9-A resolution.

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  • 1Lilly Research Laboratories, Eli Lilly & Company, Indianapolis, Indiana 46285, USA.


The N-terminal fragment 1-34 of parathyroid hormone (PTH), administered intermittently, results in increased bone formation in patients with osteoporosis. PTH and a related molecule, parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP), act on cells via a common PTH/PTHrP receptor. To define more precisely the ligand-receptor interactions, we have crystallized human PTH (hPTH)-(1-34) and determined the structure to 0.9-A resolution. hPTH-(1-34) crystallizes as a slightly bent, long helical dimer. Analysis reveals that the extended helical conformation of hPTH-(1-34) is the likely bioactive conformation. We have developed molecular models for the interaction of hPTH-(1-34) and hPTHrP-(1-34) with the PTH/PTHrP receptor. A receptor binding pocket for the N terminus of hPTH-(1-34) and a hydrophobic interface with the receptor for the C terminus of hPTH-(1-34) are proposed.

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