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J Infect Dis. 2000 Jun;181(6):1989-95. Epub 2000 Jun 5.

Cell-mediated immunity and antibody responses to Bordetella pertussis antigens in children with a history of pertussis infection and in recipients of an acellular pertussis vaccine.

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Department of Bacteriology and Medical Mycology, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, 00161 Rome, Italy.


Cell-mediated immunity (CMI) and antibody responses to Bordetella pertussis antigens were assessed 4-6 years after primary infant immunization with diphtheria-tetanus tricomponent acellular pertussis (DTaP) or diphtheria-tetanus (DT) vaccine in a country with high endemicity of B. pertussis infection. CMI to the B. pertussis antigens (especially to the pertussis toxin [PT]) was more frequent and/or intense in DTaP than in DT recipients. No lymphoproliferation differences were found between those with and without a history of pertussis although the DT recipients produced very little interferon-gamma after antigen (particularly PT and filamentous hemagglutinin [FHA]) stimulation. In contrast, seropositivity to PT, but not to pertactin or FHA, was more frequent in DT recipients with history of pertussis than in all other subjects. Thus, years after disease or vaccination, CMI response to PT or circulating PT antibodies appears to be the main distinctive feature of pertussis-protected DTaP recipients or pertussis-affected DT recipients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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