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Int Clin Psychopharmacol. 2000 Jan;15(1):29-34.

Increased remission rates with venlafaxine compared with fluoxetine in hospitalized patients with major depression and melancholia.

Author information

1
Psychiatric Hospital of Souda, Hania, Crete, Greece.

Erratum in

  • Int Clin Psychopharmacol 2000 Mar;15(2):120.

Abstract

This was a 6-week, double-blind, randomized trial of the efficacy and tolerability of venlafaxine and fluoxetine in 109 patients with major depression and melancholia. Hospitalized and day care patients with DSM-IV major depression and melancholia and a baseline Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) score of > or = 25 were eligible. The doses were venlafaxine 75 mg/day or fluoxetine 20 mg/day from days 1-4, venlafaxine 150 mg/day or fluoxetine 40 mg/day from days 5-10, and venlafaxine 225 mg/day or fluoxetine 60 mg/day from days 11-42. The intention-to-treat analyses included 55 patients on venlafaxine and 54 on fluoxetine. At the final evaluation, 70% of patients with venlafaxine and 66% with fluoxetine had > or = 50% reduction in the MADRS score, and 70% with venlafaxine and 62% with fluoxetine had a Clinical Global Impression (CGI) score of 1 or 2. A CGI improvement score of 1 was observed in 51% of patients with venlafaxine and 32% with fluoxetine (P = 0.018). A final Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) score < 7 was attained in 41% of venlafaxine-treated and 36% of fluoxetine-treated patients. Overall, 22% of patients in each group discontinued therapy, but only 5% on venlafaxine and 9% on fluoxetine discontinued for adverse events. Nausea was reported in 5.5% of venlafaxine-treated patients and 14.8% of fluoxetine-treated patients. Venlafaxine was effective and well tolerated for treating inpatients with major depression and melancholia. Based on remission criteria (HAM-D < 7 or CGI of 1), venlafaxine was superior to fluoxetine.

PMID:
10836283
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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