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Gastroenterology. 2000 Jun;118(6):1012-7.

Par-4, a proapoptotic gene, is regulated by NSAIDs in human colon carcinoma cells.

Author information

1
Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine and Cell Biology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Many reports indicate that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have antineoplastic effects, but the precise molecular mechanism(s) responsible are unclear. We evaluated the effect of cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors (NSAIDs) on human colon carcinoma cells (HCA-7) and identified several genes that are regulated after treatment with NS-398, a selective COX-2 inhibitor.

METHODS:

Differential display polymerase chain reaction cloning techniques were used to identify genes regulated by treatment with NSAIDs and selective COX-2 inhibitors.

RESULTS:

A prostate apoptosis response 4 (Par-4) gene was up-regulated after NSAID treatment. Par-4 was first isolated from prostate carcinoma cells undergoing apoptosis, and expression of Par-4 sensitized cancer cells to apoptotic stimuli. Par-4 levels were increased in cells treated with COX inhibitors such as NS-398, nimesulide, SC-58125, and sulindac sulfide. Treatment of HCA-7 cells with these agents also induced apoptotic cell death.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results suggest that regulation of Par-4 contributes to the proapoptotic effects of high-dose COX inhibitors (NSAIDs) by serving as a downstream mediator leading to initiation of programmed cell death.

PMID:
10833474
DOI:
10.1016/s0016-5085(00)70352-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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