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J Biochem. 2000 Jun;127(6):971-6.

Role of myeloperoxidase in the neutrophil-induced oxidation of low density lipoprotein as studied by myeloperoxidase-knockout mouse.

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1
Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, The University of Tokyo, Komaba, Meguro, Tokyo 153-8904, Japan. nonoriko@oxygen. rcast.u-tokyo.ac.jp

Abstract

Low density lipoprotein was oxidized by neutrophils derived from either C57BL/6 mice or myeloperoxidase (MPO)-knockout mice. The generation of superoxide from neutrophils of MPO-knockout mice was about 70% of that from wild-type mice. The extent of the oxidation of human low density lipoprotein (LDL) by phorbol myristate acetate (PMA)-activated neutrophils of wild-type and MPO-knockout mice was assessed by measuring consumption of a-tocopherol and formation of phosphatidylcholine hydroperoxide (PCOOH) and cholesteryl ester hydroperoxide (CEOOH). Little consumption of a-tocopherol was observed in both oxidations. It was found, however, that lipid hydroperoxides were accumulated with time in both oxidations and that the rates of formation of PCOOH and CEOOH in the oxidation by MPO-knockout neutrophils were about 66 and 44% of those by wild-type neutrophils, respectively. The lipid peroxidation was completely inhibited by adding superoxide dismutase (SOD) in both cases. The addition of L-tyrosine and SOD enhanced lipid peroxidation of LDL induced by wild-type neutrophils but not by MPO-knockout ones. These results suggest that, regardless of their MPO activity, neutrophils induce lipid peroxidation of LDL by a superoxide-dependent pathway, and that MPO-catalyzed lipid peroxidation is enhanced by the presence of an appropriate amount of free tyrosine and further enhanced by SOD.

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