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Somatosens Mot Res. 2000;17(1):52-60.

Time course of expression and function of the serotonin transporter in the neonatal rat's primary somatosensory cortex.

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1
Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Medical College of Ohio, Toledo 43614-5804, USA. cboylan@mco.edu

Abstract

Immunocytochemical and autoradiographic techniques were employed to determine the time course of expression of the serotonin (5-HT) transporter (SERT) on thalamocortical afferents in the rat's primary somatosensory cortex (S-I), and to correlate this expression to the transient vibrissae-related patterning of 5-HT immunostaining previously described. In additional in vivo and in vitro experiments, 5-HT and 3H-5-HT were applied directly to the cortices of untreated and 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine-treated (5,7-DHT) rats in order to determine the period during which SERT functions on thalamocortical axons to take up 5-HT. In postnatal rats, SERT immunohistochemistry revealed a somatotopic patterning in S-I that persisted until P-15, which is 6 days after the disappearance of the vibrissae-related 5-HT immunostaining. 3H-citalopram autoradiography revealed a vibrissae-related pattern in layer IV of S-I until at least P-30. Following destruction of raphe-cortical afferents with 5,7-DHT on the day of birth, this binding pattern remained visible until at least P-25, indicating that SERT located on thalamocortical axons is responsible for the 3H-citalopram patterning observed in S-I. Tissue from 5,7-DHT-treated rats that had 5-HT applied directly to their cortices revealed a normal vibrissae-related pattern of 5-HT immunostaining in S-I at P-7 and P-11 but only a faint pattern at P-13 and none at P-14. In addition, 3H-5-HT injected directly into S-I labeled layer IV barrels at P-6 and P-12 but not at P-18. The results of these experiments demonstrate that SERT is expressed by thalamocortical afferents and remains functional long after the vibrissae-related 5-HT immunostaining in cortex disappears.

PMID:
10833084
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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